
6Grade 6 Standards
Top Mathematicians

Patterns and Relations

6.RP.1.1
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of the relationships within tables of values to solve problems.
• Performance Indicators
 PR01.01 Generate values in one column of a table of values, given values in the other column, and a pattern rule.
 PR01.02 State, using mathematical language, the relationship in a given table of values.
 PR01.03 Create a concrete or pictorial representation of the relationship shown in a table of values.
 PR01.04 Predict the value of an unknown term using the relationship in a table of values, and verify the prediction.
 PR01.05 Formulate a rule to describe the relationship between two columns of numbers in a table of values.
 PR01.06 Identify missing terms in a given table of values.
 PR01.07 Identify errors in a given table of values.
 PR01.08 Describe the pattern within each column of a given table of values.
 PR01.09 Create a table of values to record and reveal a pattern to solve a given problem. 

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6.RP.1.2
Students will be expected to represent and describe patterns and relationships, using graphs and tables.
• Performance Indicators
 PR02.01 Translate a pattern to a table of values, and graph the table of values (limited to linear graphs with discrete elements).
 PR02.02 Create a table of values from a given pattern or a given graph.
 PR02.03 Describe, using everyday language, orally or in writing, the relationship shown on a graph. 

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6.3710

6.3815


6.RP.1.3
Students will be expected to represent generalizations arising from number relationships using equations with letter variables.
• Performance Indicators
 PR03.01 Write and explain the formula for finding the perimeter of any regular polygon.
 PR03.02 Write and explain the formula for finding the area of any given rectangle.
 PR03.03 Develop and justify equations using letter variables that illustrate the commutative property of addition and multiplication (e.g., a + b = b + a or a × b = b × a).
 PR03.04 Describe the relationship in a given table using a mathematical expression.
 PR03.05 Represent a pattern rule using a simple mathematical expression, such as 4d or 2n + 1. 

6.3915

6.405

6.415

6.4210


6.RP.1.4
Students will be expected to demonstrate and explain the meaning of preservation of equality concretely, pictorially, and symbolically.
• Performance Indicators
 PR04.01 Model the preservation of equality for addition using concrete materials, such as a balance, or using pictorial representations, and orally explain the process.
 PR04.02 Model the preservation of equality for subtraction using concrete materials, such as a balance, or using pictorial representations, and orally explain the process.
 PR04.03 Model the preservation of equality for multiplication using concrete materials, such as a balance, or using pictorial representations, and orally explain the process.
 PR04.04 Model the preservation of equality for division using concrete materials, such as a balance, or using pictorial representations, and orally explain the process.
 PR04.05 Write equivalent forms of a given equation by applying the preservation of equality and verify using concrete materials (e.g., 3b = 12 is the same as 3b + 5 = 12 + 5 or 2r = 7 is the same as 3(2r) = 3(7)).

6.RP.1.1

Geometry

6.G.1.1
Students will be expected to construct and compare triangles, including scalene, isosceles, equilateral, right, obtuse, or acute in different orientations.
• Performance Indicators
 G01.01 Sort a given set of triangles according to the length of the sides.
 G01.02 Sort a given set of triangles according to the measures of the interior angles.
 G01.03 Identify the characteristics of a given set of triangles according to their sides and/or their interior angles.
 G01.04 Sort a given set of triangles and explain the sorting rule.
 G01.05 Draw a specified triangle.
 G01.06 Replicate a given triangle in a different orientation and show that the two are congruent. 

6.565


6.G.1.2
Students will be expected to describe and compare the sides and angles of regular and irregular polygons.
• Performance Indicators
 G02.01 Sort a given set of 2D shapes into polygons and nonpolygons and explain the sorting rule.
 G02.02 Demonstrate congruence (sides to sides and angles to angles) in a regular polygon by superimposing.
 G02.03 Demonstrate congruence (sides to sides and angles to angles) in a regular polygon by measuring.
 G02.04 Demonstrate that the sides of a regular polygon are the same length and that the angles of a regular polygon are the same measure.
 G02.05 Sort a given set of polygons as regular or irregular and justify the sorting.
 G02.06 Identify and describe regular and irregular polygons in the environment. 
6.G.1.3
Students will be expected to perform a combination of translation(s), rotation(s), and/or reflection(s) on a single 2D shape, with and without technology, and draw and describe the image.
• Performance Indicators
 G03.01 Demonstrate that a 2D shape and its transformation image are congruent.
 G03.02 Model a given set of successive translations, successive rotations, or successive reflections of a 2D shape.
 G03.03 Model a given combination of two different types of transformations of a 2D shape.
 G03.04 Draw and describe a 2D shape and its image, given a combination of transformations.
 G03.05 Describe the transformations performed on a 2D shape to produce a given image.
 G03.06 Model a given set of successive transformations (translation, rotation, or reflection) of a 2D shape.
 G03.07 Perform and record one or more transformations of a 2D shape that will result in a given image. 
6.G.1.4
Students will be expected to perform a combination of successive transformations of 2D shapes to create a design and identify and describe the transformations.
• Performance Indicators
 G04.01 Analyze a given design created by transforming one or more 2D shapes, and identify the original shape and the transformations used to create the design.
 G04.02 Create a design using one or more 2D shapes and describe the transformations used.
 G04.03 Describe why a shape may or may not tessellate.
 G04.04 Create a tessellation and describe how tessellations are used in the real world. 

6.G.1.5
Students will be expected to identify and plot points in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane using whole number ordered pairs.
• Performance Indicators
 G05.01 Label the axes of the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane and identify the origin.
 G05.02 Plot a point in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane given its ordered pair.
 G05.03 Match points in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane with their corresponding ordered pair.
 G05.04 Plot points in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane with intervals of 1, 2, 5, or 10 on its axes, given whole number ordered pairs.
 G05.05 Draw shapes or designs in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane, using given ordered pairs.
 G05.06 Determine the distance between points along horizontal and vertical lines in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane.
 G05.07 Draw shapes or designs in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane, and identify the points used to produce them. 
6.G.1.6
Students will be expected to perform and describe single transformations of a 2D shape in the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane (limited to whole number vertices).
• Performance Indicators
 G06.01 Identify the coordinates of the vertices of a given 2D shape (limited to the first quadrant of a Cartesian plane).
 G06.02 Perform a transformation on a given 2D shape, and identify the coordinates of the vertices of the image (limited to the first quadrant).
 G06.03 Describe the positional change of the vertices of a given 2D shape to the corresponding vertices of its image as a result of a transformation (limited to first quadrant).

6.G.1.1

Measurement and Data

6.MD.1.1
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of angles by
• identifying examples of angles in the environment
• classifying angles according to their measure
• estimating the measure of angles using 45°, 90°, and 180° as reference angles
• determining angle measures in degrees
• drawing and labelling angles when the measure is specified
• Performance Indicators
 M01.01 Identify examples of angles found in the environment.
 M01.02 Classify a given set of angles according to their measure (e.g., acute, right, obtuse, straight, reflex).
 M01.03 Sketch 45°, 90°, and 180° angles without the use of a protractor, and describe the relationship among them.
 M01.04 Estimate the measure of an angle using 45°, 90°, and 180° as reference angles.
 M01.05 Measure, using a protractor, given angles in various orientations.
 M01.06 Draw and label a specified angle in various orientations using a protractor.
 M01.07 Describe the measure of an angle as the measure of rotation of one of its sides.
 M01.08 Describe the measure of angles as the measure of an interior angle of a polygon. 
6.MD.1.2
Students will be expected to demonstrate that the sum of interior angles is 180° in a triangle and 360° in a quadrilateral.
• Performance Indicators
 M02.01 Explain, using models, that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is the same for all triangles.
 M02.02 Explain, using models, that the sum of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is the same for all quadrilaterals. 
6.MD.1.3
Students will be expected to develop and apply a formula for determining the
• perimeter of polygons
• area of rectangles
• volume of right rectangular prisms
• Performance Indicators
 M03.01 Explain, using models, how the perimeter of any polygon can be determined.
 M03.02 Generalize a rule (formula) for determining the perimeter of polygons.
 M03.03 Explain, using models, how the area of any rectangle can be determined.
 M03.04 Generalize a rule (formula) for determining the area of rectangles.
 M03.05 Explain, using models, how the volume of any rectangular prism can be determined.
 M03.06 Generalize a rule (formula) for determining the volume of rectangular prisms.
 M03.07 Solve a given problem involving the perimeter of polygons, the area of rectangles, and/or the volume of right rectangular prisms. 

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6.515

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6.555


6.MD.1.1

The Number System

6.NS.1.1
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of place value for numbers greater than one million and less than onethousandth.
• Performance Indicators
 N01.01 Explain how the pattern of the placevalue system (e.g., the repetition of ones, tens, and hundreds) makes it possible to read and write numerals for numbers of any magnitude.
 N01.02 Describe the pattern of adjacent place positions moving from right to left and from left to right.
 N01.03 Represent a given numeral using a placevalue chart.
 N01.04 Explain the meaning of each digit in a given numeral.
 N01.05 Read a given numeral in several ways.
 N01.06 Record, in standard form, numbers expressed orally, concretely, pictorially, or symbolically as expressions, in decimal notation, and in expanded notation, using proper spacing without commas.
 N01.07 Express a given numeral in expanded notation and/or in decimal notation.
 N01.08 Represent a given number using expressions.
 N01.09 Represent a given number in a variety of ways, and explain how they are equivalent.
 N01.10 Read and write given numerals in words.
 N01.11 Compare and order numbers in a variety of ways.
 N01.12 Establish personal referents for large numbers.
 N01.13 Provide examples of where large whole numbers and small decimal numbers are used. 
6.NS.1.2
Students will be expected to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimal numbers.
• Performance Indicators
 N02.01 Determine whether technology, mental mathematics, or paperandpencil calculation is appropriate to solve a given problem and explain why.
 N02.02 Identify which operation is necessary to solve a given problem and solve it.
 N02.03 Determine the reasonableness of an answer.
 N02.04 Estimate the solution and solve a given problem using an appropriate method (technology, mental mathematics, or paperandpencil calculation).
 N02.05 Create problems involving large numbers and decimal numbers.
 N02.06 Use technology, mental mathematics, or paperandpencil calculation to solve problems involving the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers.
 N02.07 Use technology, mental mathematics, or paperandpencil calculation to solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of decimal numbers. 
6.NS.1.3
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of factors and multiples by
• determining multiples and factors of numbers less than 100
• identifying prime and composite numbers
• solving problems using multiples and factors
• Performance Indicators
 N03.01 Identify multiples for a given number and explain the strategy used to identify them.
 N03.02 Determine all the whole number factors of a given number using arrays.
 N03.03 Identify the factors for a given number and explain the strategy used (e.g., concrete or visual representations, repeated division by prime numbers, or factor trees).
 N03.04 Provide an example of a prime number, and explain why it is a prime number.
 N03.05 Provide an example of a composite number, and explain why it is a composite number.
 N03.06 Sort a given set of numbers as prime and composite.
 N03.07 Solve a given problem involving factors or multiples.
 N03.08 Explain why 0 and 1 are neither prime nor composite. 

6.520

6.610

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6.820

6.920


6.NS.1.4
Students will be expected to relate improper fractions to mixed numbers and mixed numbers to improper fractions.
• Performance Indicators
 N04.01 Demonstrate, using models, that a given improper fraction represents a number greater than 1.
 N04.02 Express improper fractions as mixed numbers.
 N04.03 Express mixed numbers as improper fractions.
 N04.04 Place a given set of fractions, including mixed numbers and improper fractions, on a number line, and explain strategies used to determine position.
 N04.05 Represent a given improper fraction using concrete, pictorial, and symbolic forms.
 N04.06 Represent a given mixed number using concrete, pictorial, and symbolic forms. 
6.NS.1.5
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of ratio, concretely, pictorially, and symbolically.
• Performance Indicators
 N05.01 Represent a given ratio concretely and pictorially.
 N05.02 Write a ratio from a given concrete or pictorial representation.
 N05.03 Express a given ratio in multiple forms, such as 'three to five,' 3:5, 3 to 5, or 3/5 .
 N05.04 Identify and describe ratios from reallife contexts and record them symbolically.
 N05.05 Explain the partwhole and partpart ratios of a set (e.g., For a group of three girls and five boys, explain the ratios 3:5, 3:8, and 5:8.).
 N05.06 Solve a given problem involving ratio.
 N05.07 Verify that two ratios are or are not equivalent using concrete materials. 

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6.NS.1.6
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of percent (limited to whole numbers) concretely, pictorially, and symbolically.
• Performance Indicators
 N06.01 Explain that â€œpercentâ€ 

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6.NS.1.7
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of integers contextually, concretely, pictorially, and symbolically.
• Performance Indicators
 N07.01 Extend a given number line by adding numbers less than 0 and explain the pattern on each side of 0.
 N07.02 Place given integers on a number line and explain how integers are ordered.
 N07.03 Describe contexts in which integers are used (e.g., on a thermometer).
 N07.04 Compare two integers; represent their relationship using the symbols <, >, and =; and verify using a number line.
 N07.05 Order given integers in ascending or descending order. 

6.275

6.285

6.3015


6.NS.1.8
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of multiplication and division of decimals (onedigit whole number multipliers and onedigit natural number divisors).
• Performance Indicators
 N08.01 Model the multiplication and division of decimals using concrete and visual representations.
 N08.02 Predict products and quotients of decimals using estimation strategies.
 N08.03 Place the decimal point in a product using frontend estimation (e.g., For 15.205 × 4, think 15 × 4, so the product is greater than 60.).
 N08.04 Place the decimal point in a quotient using frontend estimation (e.g., For $25.83 ÷ 4, think $24 ÷ 4, so the quotient is greater than $6.).
 N08.05 Use estimation to correct errors of decimal point placement in a given product or quotient without using paper and pencil.
 N08.06 Create and solve story problems that involve multiplication and division of decimals using multipliers from 0 to 9 and divisors from 1 to 9.
 N08.07 Solve a given problem, using a personal strategy, and record the process symbolically. 
6.NS.1.9
Students will be expected to explain and apply the order of operations, excluding exponents, with and without technology (limited to whole numbers).
• Performance Indicators
 N09.01 Demonstrate and explain, with examples, why there is a need to have a standardized order of operations.
 N09.02 Apply the order of operations to solve multistep problems with or without technology (e.g., computer, calculator). 

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6.NS.1.1

Statistics & Probability

6.SP.1.1
Students will be expected to create, label, and interpret line graphs to draw conclusions.
• Performance Indicators
 SP01.01 Determine the common attributes (title, axes, and intervals) of line graphs by comparing a given set of line graphs.
 SP01.02 Determine whether a given set of data can be represented by a line graph (continuous data) or a series of points (discrete data) and explain why.
 SP01.03 Create a line graph from a given table of values or a set of data.
 SP01.04 Interpret a given line graph to draw conclusions. 

6.655

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6.695


6.SP.1.2
Students will be expected to select, justify, and use appropriate methods of collecting data, including questionnaires, experiments, databases, and electronic media.
• Performance Indicators
 SP02.01 Select a method for collecting data to answer a given question, and justify the choice.
 SP02.02 Design and administer a questionnaire for collecting data to answer a given question, and record the results.
 SP02.03 Answer a given question by performing an experiment, recording the results, and drawing a conclusion.
 SP02.04 Explain when it is appropriate to use a database as a source data.
 SP02.05 Gather data for a given question by using electronic media, including selecting data from databases. 

6.SP.1.3
Students will be expected to graph collected data and analyze the graph to solve problems.
• Performance Indicators
 SP03.01 Determine an appropriate type of graph for displaying a set of collected data and justify the choice of graph.
 SP03.02 Solve a given problem by graphing data and interpreting the resulting graph. 

6.655

6.665

6.675

6.685

6.695

6.7020

6.715

6.725

6.735

6.745

6.755

6.765

6.775

6.785

6.795

6.805

6.815

6.825

6.835

6.845


6.SP.1.4
Students will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of probability by
• identifying all possible outcomes of a probability experiment
• differentiating between experimental and theoretical probability
• determining the theoretical probability of outcomes in a probability experiment
• determining the experimental probability of outcomes in a probability experiment
• comparing experimental results with the theoretical probability for an experiment
• Performance Indicators
 SP04.01 List the possible outcomes of a probability experiment, such as
• tossing a coin
• rolling a die with a given number of sides
• spinning a spinner with a given number of sectors
 SP04.02 Determine the theoretical probability of an outcome occurring for a given probability experiment.
 SP04.03 Predict the probability of a given outcome occurring for a given probability experiment by using theoretical probability.
 SP04.04 Conduct a probability experiment, with or without technology, and compare the experimental results to the theoretical probability.
 SP04.05 Explain that as the number of trials in a probability experiment increases, the experimental probability approaches the theoretical probability of a particular outcome.
 SP04.06 Distinguish between theoretical probability and experimental probability, and explain the differences.

6.SP.1.1